The term "Show jumper" is a word used to describe a horse or pony used in the sport Show jumping. A Show jumper can be any type of horse or pony any colour and any height. Show jumping competitions are staged at different standards to cater for various levels of riding. The abilty of the rider will reflect in the standard and type of horse or pony that is used.
Show jumping competitions are held over a course of elaborate coloured fences, often with turns and changes of direction. The intention is to complete the course within a set time without any faults; this is called a clear round. Competitors with a clear round usually qualify for the jump off, this is a shortened course that has been increased in height, the fastest clear round wins.
Horses and ponies used for show jumping
Show jumpers vary in ability. A novice rider would need a show jumper of an average ability, which is experienced at show jumping at a novice level that is calm and patient and will be a confidence giving ride which will teach the rider and improve their riding ability over fences. A more experienced rider will need a horse of greater ability to compete on a more serious level. An advanced show jumper must be accurate and brave to jump large obstacles as well as having the physical ability to complete demanding courses; these talented horses need superior riders.
Many different types of horses and ponies have been successful at show jumping; there is no link between the horse or pony's size and their ability to jump fences. Many great show jumpers have had uncertain breeding, but there are certain breeds that do excel in show jumping. The Connemara pony has been recognised as the world's leading sports pony. The Connemara pony is extremely athletic and has masses of jumping ability.
Continental Warmblood horses are hugely popular. Warmblood horses are bred for performance and excel at show jumping. Warmblood horses dominate the top levels of show jumping.
Thoroughbred horses are also seen at the highest levels of show jumping; they are extremely athletic and strong, and have plenty of jumping prowess. By - Paul Simms
In addition to normal jumping skills, eventing show jumping tests the fitness and stamina of the horse and rider, generally being held after the cross-country phase in higher level and international events.
~Second Disobedience in the whole round: 4 penalties
~First Fall of rider: Elimination
~Fall of horse: Elimination
~Exceeding the time allowed: 1 penalty per second
~Jumping an obstacle in the wrong order: Elimination
~Error of course not rectified: Elimination
An obstacle is defined as having been knocked down if any part of it is lowered. It is therefore possible to knock out a pole below the top pole and receive no penalties. The winner is the horse and rider with the fewest penalties. Awards are usually presented while mounted, before the placed riders take a lap of honor around the arena.